Posted by on Saturday, June 24, 2017
Rogue waves are large, unexpected surface waves that can be extremely dangerous, even to large ships such as ocean liners.
These waves present considerable danger for several reasons they are rare, unpredictable, may appear suddenly or without warning, and can impact with tremendous force.
A 12-metre wave would have a breaking force of 6 metric tons per square metre.
Rogue waves are an open water phenomenon, in which winds, currents, phenomena such as solitons, and other circumstances cause a wave to briefly form that is far larger than the "average" large occurring wave.
In February 2000, a British oceanographic research vessel, the RRS Discovery, sailing in the Rockall Trough west of Scotland encountered the largest waves ever recorded by scientific instruments in the open ocean, with a height of 18.5 metres and individual waves up to 29.1 metres.
"In 2004 scientists using three weeks of radar images from European Space Agency satellites found ten rogue waves, each 25 metres or higher.
MS Louis Majesty was struck by three successive 8-metre waves while crossing the Gulf of Lion on a Mediterranean cruise between Cartagena and Marseille. Two passengers were killed by flying glass when a lounge window was shattered by the second and third waves. The waves, which struck without warning, were all abnormally high in respect to the sea swell at the time of the incident.