Posted by on Sunday, May 22, 2016
Victoria Day is a federal public holiday celebrated on the last Monday before May 25, in honor of Queen Victoria's birthday.
The date is also, simultaneously, that on which the current reigning Canadian sovereign's official birthday is recognized. It is sometimes informally considered as marking the beginning of the summer season in Canada.
The holiday has been observed in Canada since at least 1845.
Canada is the only country that commemorates Queen Victoria with an official holiday. Federal government protocol dictates that, on Victoria Day, the Royal Union Flag is to be flown from sunrise to sunset at all federal government buildings— where a second flag pole exists, as the Royal Union Flag can never displace the Canadian flag.
National Patriotes Day is a statutory holiday observed annually in Quebec, on the Monday preceding 25 May.
The holiday was instated by the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec-in-Council in 2003, according to the then Premier of Quebec Bernard Landry: "to underline the importance of the struggle of the patriots of 1837–1838 for the national recognition of our people, for its political liberty and to obtain a democratic system of government."
Before 2003, the Monday preceding 25 May of each year was unofficially the Fête de Dollard, a commemoration initiated in the 1920s to coincide with Victoria Day, a federal holiday occurring annually on the same date.