Lyme Disease

Posted by on Monday, May 2, 2016

Lyme disease is an inflammatory infection that spreads to humans through tick bites.

Lyme is a borreliosis caused by borrelia bacteria, which commonly infects woodland animals like mice or deer. Ticks pick up the bacteria by biting infected animals, and then pass it on to their human hosts. 

Prevention includes efforts to prevent tick bites such as by wearing long pants and using DEET.

Using pesticides to reduce tick numbers may also be effective. Ticks can be removed using tweezers.
If the removed tick was full of blood, a single dose of doxycycline may be used to prevent development of infection, but is not generally recommended since development of infection is rare.

If an infection develops, a number of antibiotics are effective, including doxycycline, amoxicillin, and cefuroxime.

Treatment is usually for two or three weeks. Some people develop a fever and muscle and joint pains from treatment which may last for one or two days. In those who develop persistent symptoms, long-term antibiotic therapy has not been found to be useful.

The Team

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