Land Falling Tropical Cyclones in Canada

Posted by on Tuesday, August 16, 2016

From 1995 to present there have been 24 land falling tropical storms and hurricanes in Canada.

  • On July 9, 1995 Tropical Storm Barry hit Nova Scotia while tropical with no known damage.
  • Hurricane Luis struck Newfoundland on September 11, 1995.  The storm dropped 50–100 mm of rain in the Avalon Peninsula without causing much damage. One was reported killed in Canada from Luis.
  • July 14, 1996 Hurricane Bertha struck Newfoundland before dissipating. The storm left 75 mm of rain in New Brunswick.
  • September 13–15, 1996: the 1996 Lake Huron cyclone, an unusual storm over the Great Lakes which may have briefly been a tropical or subtropical cyclone, dropped over 100 mm of rain over parts of Ontario.
  • September 15, 1996: Hurricane Hortense struck the Nova Scotian coast as a category 1 hurricane. $3 million were inflicted to Nova Scotia by Hortense after strong winds, heavy rain, and power outages.
  • September 18, 1999: Hurricane Floyd struck the Canadian Maritimes after losing tropical characteristics.
  • October 20, 2000: Hurricane Michael struck Harbour Breton as a category 1 hurricane. A peak gust was recorded of nearly 171 km/h, as well as a peak wave height of over 16.7 m that was recorded off the coast.
  • On October 15, 2001 Hurricane Karen brought rain to Nova Scotia. Winds there only gusted to about 102 km/h, and little damage was reported.
  • September 12, 2002: Hurricane Gustav struck Nova Scotia and Newfoundland. The highest rainfall was recorded in in Ashdale where 100 mm fell.
  • September 29, 2003: Hurricane Juan is sometimes considered Atlantic Canada's most widely destructive hurricane in over a century. Juan killed 8 and caused over $200 million in damage. Power outages in Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island left over 300,000 Canadians without power for two weeks. Many marinas were destroyed and many small fish craft were damaged or sank. Hurricane-force gusts were reported as far out as 160 km on either side of Juan at landfall with an astounding peak gust of 229 km/h recorded in Halifax Harbour.
  • On September 17, 2005 Hurricane Ophelia became extratropical and moved parallel to the Nova Scotian coast, never making landfall. Ophelia later struck Newfoundland.
  • November 3, 2006 was the Central Pacific cyclone, after developing in the north-central Pacific, made landfall on Vancouver Island, BC. The exact nature of this storm is debatable, but it appears to have been a tropical or subtropical cyclone for at least a portion of its life.
  • November 6–7, 2007 Hurricane Noel moved north-northeast to the Nova Scotia coast near Yarmouth. Full hurricane-force conditions occurred over much of southeastern and eastern areas of Nova Scotia from Yarmouth north and eastward to the metropolitan Halifax area.
  • On September 28, 2008: Hurricane Kyle, after forming as a tropical storm just east of the Bahamas, headed north, making landfall in Nova Scotia as a category 1 hurricane, causing power outages to 40,000 and $9 million in damage.
  • August 23, 2009: Hurricane Bill, a Cape Verde hurricane, brushed by Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia causing up to 50 to 75 mm of rain. 32,000 residences were reported to have lost power in addition to winds recorded up to 50 mph. Bill then made landfall at Point Rosie, on the Burin Peninsula of Newfoundland.
  • September 3, 2010: Hurricane Earl made landfall at Western Head, Nova Scotia as a minimal hurricane.
  • September 21, 2010: Hurricane Igor struck Cape Race, Newfoundland as a large category 1 hurricane, resulting in major flooding and widespread power outages. Many communities were forced to declare a state of emergency, and some evacuated completely as the storm approached. Igor was unusual in that it restrengthened somewhat during its final approach despite being over cool water. As the storm made landfall near Cape Race, maximum sustained winds were estimated to be at least 120 km/h, but gusts up to 170 km/h were reported. Hurricane Igor produced hurricane conditions throughout the Avalon Peninsula and tropical storm conditions over the remainder of the island. Media outlets have stated that Igor was the worst hurricane to hit Newfoundland in a century.
  • August 28, 2011: Hurricane Irene crossed into Canada as an extratropical storm bringing heavy rain and strong winds to parts of Quebec and New Brunswick. Parts of New Brunswick received over 80mm of rain and wind gusts peaked at 93 km/h in Moncton.
  • September 16, 2011: Hurricane Maria made landfall near the Avalon Peninsula of Newfoundland. Due to Maria's rapid forward speed (90+ km/h), rainfall totals were kept to a minimum and strong winds remained offshore, confined to the eastern semi-circle. As a result, little damage occurred.
  • September 26, 2011: Typhoon Roke's remnants brought rain to British Columbia.
  • October 3, 2011: Hurricane Ophelia made landfall near the Avalon Peninsula of Newfoundland as a strong extratropical cyclone, damaging drainage infrastructure that had been repaired after Hurricane Igor a year earlier.
  • September 11, 2012: Hurricane Leslie made landfall on the Burin Peninsula of Newfoundland as a hurricane-strength post-tropical cyclone. Leslie's track put the Avalon Peninsula in the right-front quadrant, resulting in hurricane-force winds, widespread power outages, and structural damage.
  • October 29–30, 2012: Hurricane Sandy crossed into Canada on October 29 through to early October 30, bringing heavy rain, high winds, and in some places, snow, to Ontario, Quebec and the Maritimes.
  • July 5, 2014: Hurricane Arthur made landfall in south western Nova Scotia on July 5, 2014. The storm at the time was downgraded to a tropical storm. Arthur brought heavy rain, winds and pounding surf to parts of the Atlantic Coast of Nova Scotia. The strong storm dropped nearly 150 mm of rain to parts to New Brunswick. It cut power to 1/3 of the Nova Scotia households and 65% of New Brunswick.

The most active month for tropical storms and hurricanes in Canada is September. That is when the waters off our coast is typically at its warmest.

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