History of the Meteorological Service of Canada

Posted by on Wednesday, January 4, 2017

The Meteorological Service of Canada is a division of Environment and Climate Change Canada, which provides public meteorological information and weather forecasts and warnings of severe weather and other environmental hazards.

It all started in 1840 when British officials and the Royal Society established an observatory in Toronto.

The Toronto observatory ended in 1853, but the Canadian government took over the service and continued collecting climate data. On May 1, 1871, the Government of Canada established the Meteorological Service of Canada by providing a $5000 grant to Professor G. T. Kingston of the University of Toronto to establish a network of weather observations. This information was collected and made available to the public from 1877 onwards. 

There are currently five public weather forecast offices located in Vancouver, A Prairie and Arctic Storm Prediction Centre, split between an office in Edmonton and Winnipeg, Ontario Storm Prediction Centre in Downsview, the Quebec Storm Prediction Centre in Montreal, and the Atlantic Storm Prediction Centre in Dartmouth. The Atlantic Storm Prediction Centre also houses the Canadian Hurricane Centre plus manages the Newfoundland and Labrador Weather Office in Gander.



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