200,000 Years of History in a Massive Crater

Posted by on Wednesday, March 1, 2017

In East Siberian there lays a crater known as  "Batagaika crater". It is a thermokarst depression in the form of a one kilometre-long gash up to 100 metres deep.

Researchers say that the crater could hide clues on hundreds of years of Earth's climate.

The land began to sink due to the melting permafrost in the 1960's after the forest was cleared in the field for which the land was originally supposed have a road built. Flooding also contributed to the enlargement of the crater. 

Archeologists have found ice age fossils buried in the mud around the rim of the crater. The rim is also extremely unstable as there are regular landslides into the crater and the permafrost is constantly melting.

The crater grows by 20 metres per year and will not stop growing in the foreseeable future. 

It's like a slice of time dating back 300,000 years.

The Team

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